Understanding The Companies Act, 2019 (Act 992): A Spotlight On The Key Components

Understanding The Companies Act, 2019 (Act 992): A Spotlight On The Key Components

The Companies Act, 2019 (Act 992) ( “Companies Act”) is crucial in regulating the corporate landscape of any country, and Ghana is no exception. In Ghana, the Companies Act serves as the cornerstone legislation governing companies’ establishment, operation, and dissolution. This comprehensive law provides a robust framework that promotes transparency, corporate governance, and investor protection. In this blog post, we will explore key aspects of the Companies Act in Ghana, shedding light on its significance and implications for businesses.


The Companies Act outlines the procedures and requirements for incorporating a company in Ghana. It provides guidance on the necessary documentation, forms, and fees for the registration process. The Act also classifies different types of companies, such as companies limited by shares, companies limited by guarantee, and external companies each with its own specific features and obligations.

Corporate Governance:

Promoting good corporate governance is a key objective of the Companies Act. It emphasizes the composition and responsibilities of Boards of directors, encouraging transparency, accountability, and ethical conduct in administering companies. The Act permits the Board of a Company to constitute the establishment of committees to enhance oversight.

Shareholders and Share Capital:

The Act addresses the rights and obligations of shareholders, including provisions related to share capital, share transfers, and shareholder meetings. It regulates issues such as the issuance of shares, the transfer of ownership, and the rights associated with different classes of shares. Shareholders’ meetings, such as annual general meetings, are governed by the Companies Act, specifying requirements for notice, quorum, voting, and the passing of resolutions.

Financial Reporting and Auditing:

To ensure transparency and reliability of financial information, the Companies Act imposes reporting and auditing obligations on companies. It sets standards for the preparation and presentation of financial statements, specifying the requirements for annual financial reports. It also mandates the appointment of auditors and outlines their duties, providing a mechanism for independent verification of a company’s financial position.

Compliance and Enforcement:

Compliance with the provisions of the Companies Act is vital for companies operating in Ghana. The Act sets out penalties and sanctions for non-compliance, including fines, investigations, and potential legal actions. By enforcing compliance, the Act aims to maintain the integrity of the corporate sector and safeguard the interests of shareholders, employees, and other stakeholders.

The Companies Act of Ghana serves as a comprehensive legal framework, governing the establishment, management, and dissolution of companies. By addressing key areas such as incorporation, corporate governance, shareholder rights, financial reporting, and compliance, the Act promotes a transparent and accountable business environment. It provides a solid foundation for sustainable growth, investor confidence, and the overall development of the corporate sector in Ghana. Business owners, investors, and professionals operating in Ghana should familiarize themselves with the Companies Act to ensure compliance and leverage its provisions to drive success and responsible business practices.

Calvyn Vermeersch
BPA Summer Intern 2023